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Database statistics

last update : 1 year ago

4

standards

24,652

projects

12,248

participants

28

technologies

1,273,921,846

issued credits

7.5 MW biomass plants using agricultural waste Limited

Technology

Biomass

Renewables

Renewables | Biomass

Country

India

Asia

India

Standard

CDM

Compliance

Stage

Starting

2005-11-25

Opening comments

Total issued

190,303

tCO2

Annual Reduction

31,139

tCO2/year

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CDM

Scope

Energy industries

Additionality

Tool version :-
Barrier analysis:yes
Investment analysis :-Other

Provider ID

UNEPcdm0464
UNFCCC1126
Methodology Ver Description
AMS-I.D.6Grid connected renewable electricity generation
AMS-I.D.10Grid connected renewable electricity generation

Description

The project implementers plan to build and operate two 7.5 MW gross capacity biomass electricity generation plants in Tamil Nadu. The project will involve the construction of the generation plants. The project developers are looking to utilize a wide variety of organic waste products that will require developing brand new collection, distribution, and purchase markets for various crop residues. These atypical biomass feedstocks include coir wastes, Julia flora, rice husk, coconut husk and stems, and other locally available agricultural wastes. Biomass generation is relatively new in the State of Tamil Nadu with only four other biomass facilities currently having signed PPAs and are yet to become operational. Biomass will be burned in a boiler with steam generated at high pressure to turn a turbine for the

       generation of power. This electricity will be                                                             supplied to the grid.
       The purpose of the project therefore is to take                                                            a renewable energy source – agricultural                                                            waste products – and convert that into                                                            electricity to supply in a more sustainable                                                            manner the growing demand for electricity in                                                            southern India.

The project makes several critical contributions to sustainable development. Development of renewable

energy resources was clearly presented at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg as a critical building block for sustainable development. Currently, India suffers from periodic shortages of electricity which forces many people and businesses to either go without this vital resource or to purchase and operate inefficient diesel back-up generators. The Indian Government and specifically, the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, have made it very clear that renewable energy resources CDM – Executive Board

such as biomass are critical to promoting sustainable development. This project creates a source of electricity generation based on a renewable energy resource – local biomass from agricultural waste.

The project also will train and employ around 70 local workers directly, which will enhance the local skill-set required to replicate these pioneering plants. Finally, the agricultural sector in India often harbours some of India’s poorest people. This project will create the demand for waste agricultural products that previously had little or no value and result in a collection network with additional jobs estimated at around 400 people. With the additional revenue generated, the standard of living of the people of these areas will improve enhancing their ability to provide food and education for their children. With the additional revenue generated the standard of living of the people of these areas will improve, thus helping to feed and educate their families.

Social well-being: The CDM project activity should lead to alleviation of poverty by generating additional employment, removal of social disparities and contribution to provision of basic amenities to people leading to improvement in quality of life of people.

This project provides opportunities for local employment and revenue generation, which will help in alleviating poverty. Many of the farmers from which the raw material will be procured are small farmers, thereby providing an opportunity over a long period of time to assist in increasing their income levels.

Below are the population details of the surrounding villages in and around power plant site.

Name of the village                     Population
Sempatti                                1100
Kodangipatti                             821
Adilakshmipuram                         1500
Kannivadi                              10000
Sithayankottai                          3000

All the lands surrounding the power plant are wet fields being irrigated by the surplus waters of Kamarajar Dam, Sempatti Kanmai and all the habitats are basically agricultural labourers solely dependent on agriculture for very survival. Establishment of a power plant would increase the social status of the local populace as direct and indirect employment can be ensured and better monetary flow can be assured by collection of biomass in and around the area and selling the same to power plant.

Economic well being: The CDM project activity should bring in additional investment consistent with the needs of the people.

The project will help alleviate the current power deficit situation thereby adding to the economic wellbeing of the community. With the increase in the need for biomass raw material, local farmers will have a more secure revenue stream to help reduce rural poverty. In addition, the generation plants themselves will generate local employment.

Environmental well being: This should include a discussion of impact of the project activity on resource sustainability and resource degradation, if any, due to proposed activity; bio-diversity friendliness; impact on human health; reduction of levels of pollution in general; CDM – Executive Board

The power plants will only be using biomass as a fuel and appropriate combustion technologies greatly reducing their contribution to atmospheric pollution vis-à-vis fossil fuel generation. In addition, the project will encourage the use of biomass wastes, which may have generated methane emissions as they decayed. The project helps make a waste into a resource, adding to the sustainability of the project and the local environment.

Technological well being: The CDM project activity should lead to transfer of environmentally safe and sound technologies that are comparable to best practices in order to assist in upgradation of the technological base.

Biomass based power generation is not common in India. This project which uses tested technology with seldom used biomass feed stocks. If successful, it will help to establish the feasibility and reliability of the project throughout the country.

Technicals

Investment

$0

Energy

Installed capacity 7.50 MW
Effective hours -
Energy generated 0 MWh/year
Utilization ratio 0 %
Activity start date

-

Time

help
  • In validation

    : Total elapsed days between “opening comments” and the registration request date.
  • In registration

    : Total elapsed days from registration request until approval.
  • To be registered

    : Total elapsed days from Validation until Registration approval (Validation + Registration).
  • To first issuance

    : Total elapsed days from registration approval until first credit issuance.
  • Total to first issuance

    : Sum of entire validation, registration and ‘to first issuance’ days; i.e. the entire process.
In validation 616 days
In registration 33 days
To be registered 649 days
To first issuance 1824 days
Total to first issuance 2471 days

Location

5 Organizations (6 roles involvement)

Certification Participant name CertificationValidator ()NorwayContact name
Certification Participant name CertificationVerifier ()NorwayContact name
Finance Participant name FinanceParticipant ()GermanyContact name
Carbon+%26+Environment Participant name Carbon & EnvironmentPDD Consultant ()United KingdomContact name
Carbon+%26+Environment Participant name Carbon & EnvironmentProject Owner ()IndiaContact name
Utility Participant name UtilityProject Owner ()IndiaContact name

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