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Database statistics

last update : 10 months ago

4

standards

24,652

projects

12,248

participants

28

technologies

1,273,921,846

issued credits

6MW Biomass based Power Plant at Nellore.

Technology

Biomass

Renewables

Renewables | Biomass

Country

India

Asia

India

Standard

CDM

Compliance

Stage

Starting

2006-07-01

Opening comments

Total issued

40,375

tCO2

Annual Reduction

23,063

tCO2/year

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CDM

Scope

Energy industries

Additionality

Tool version :-
Barrier analysis:yes
Investment analysis :-Simple Cost Analysis

Provider ID

UNEPcdm0892
UNFCCC881
Methodology Ver Description
AMS-I.D.8Grid connected renewable electricity generation
AMS-I.D.9Grid connected renewable electricity generation

Description

The project of biomass based power generation mainly consists of burning available biomass like Rice husk & Juliflora in the region effectively for generation of electricity. The electricity thus generated is being sold to state grid for revenue generation, sustainable economic growth, conservation of environment through use of green fuels (Biomass fuels) and Green House Gas (GHG) emission reduction. The project has also reduced the ever-increasing demand and supply gap of electricity in the region.

The following local benefits are also envisaged due to the setting up of the project: • Proper utilization of surplus biomass • Generation of Eco-Friendly green power • Avoidance of burning of agriculture waste and • Reduction of CO2 emissions

Contribution to Sustainable Development

The project activity is a renewable energy power project using biomass like, Rice husk & Juliflora as fuels for generation of green power and export to APTRANSCO. Based on the guidelines of Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES) and NEDCAP the following Biomass fuels can be used in Plant apart from Fossil fuels:

  1. Woody Biomass: Juliflora, Casuarina, Subabul, Eucalyptus, Mango Cuttings, Cashew Cuttings and Saw Dust
  2. Agricultural Waste: Rice Husk, Bengal gram and Black gram stalks, Maize stalks, Palm oil Wastes, Coconut shell and logs, Chilli stalks, Bagasse etc.

SLS Power Limited (SLSPL) is following guidelines issued by MNES for use of biomass as fuel in the project activity. As per the guidelines of MNES forest residues are also permitted to use in the Biomass Plants. Forest residues are being procured with the required permits from the department. SLSPL procures and use only those fuels allowed and permitted by respective govt. authorities.

The development of the project activity of electricity generation has reduced the Green House Gas (GHG) emission produced by the grid generation mix, comprising of all the power projects and dominated by the fossil fuel based power generation, supplying electricity to the southern grid. Coal is used as the major fuel for generation of energy and for other industrial and domestic processes. Though, thermal power stations are the major consumers of coal for generation of electricity in India, yet there is a gap in the demand and supply of electricity to a large section of the society. This would increase the demand for coal and other conventional fuels for power generation, increasing the burden on the environment. Changing coal consumption patterns will require a multi-pronged strategy focusing on demand, reducing wastage of energy and the optimum use of Renewable Energy (RE) sources.

Since this project activity utilizes renewable energy source, it will positively contribute towards the reduction in demand and use of finite natural resource like coal/gas/oil, minimizing depletion or else increasing its availability to other important processes. Also, since the project is planning to develope, about 300 acres of un-irrigated barren land for captive farming of prosofis, juliflora leading to sustainability of the project.

The Company has not received any grants / subsidies or special benefits either from Central Government at National level or from State Government of Andhra Pradesh. However from IREDA (A Govt. of India Enterprise) a loan of Rs. 18.27 crores was obtained at an interest rate of 14.5%. The interest subsidy works out approximately to 1.5%. (Thus the effective interest will work out to 13%) The following guidelines has been stipulated by Government of India for sustainable development in the interim approval guidelines for CDM projects

  1. Social well being
  2. Economic well being
  3. Environmental well being
  4. Technological well being

The project activity contributes to the sustainable development in the following Ways:

  1. Social Well Being
  2. The project activity has generated direct and indirect employment for around 500 people in and round the region. This has partially helped to reduce the unemployment problem in the area. Due to the lack of natural resources and energy supply in the rural areas, these areas are less developed in terms of social aspects and economic aspects. Initiation of the project activity has helped in development of the region by providing employment opportunities to the locals and improving their livelihoods.

    SLSPL has applied to government of Andhra Pradesh to provide lands for the energy plantation. The application is pending with the district collector. The gross area of allocation is around 300 acres, which has already been identified and cleared by the various departments. Further also tied up with the suppliers of the Juliflora, who in turn will be growing plantations in their respective available lands.

    SLSPL use the Rice Husk for power generation, which is available in plenty locally. However, during off-season, the plant also uses Juliflora (a type of wood, which grown only in dry land, which do not require any watering). The resources are to be collected and transported from the fields to the project site, thus giving an opportunity to the local people, in turn generating employment.

  3. Economic Well being

More and more rural industries will be set up as a consequence to the power plant in the area. This will also cause infrastructure development, which ultimately leads to better employment opportunities to the locals and development of the region. This would also help to prevent the migration of the poor rural residents to cities in the absence of the project activity.

The project will create business opportunity for local stakeholders such as biomass suppliers, transporters, bankers/ consultants, equipment suppliers/manufacturers, contractors etc. The main resources for power generation are biomass fuels such as rice husk & juliflora. The project will generate additional revenue on account of supply of this biomass to the project, which are otherwise being under-utilized / burnt so far with no commercial value. In other words, the plant is generating commercial value to biomass enabling to get better price.

  1. Environmental Well being
  2. Since the biomass is formed by fixing the atmospheric CO2 by the action of photosynthesis in the presence of sunlight, the CO2 released due to the combustion of biomass fuels is equal to the CO2 fixed by the photosynthesis. Again the CO2 released during the combustion will be consumed by the plant species for their growth. In view of the above, biomass combustion and growth of biomass fuels and associated CO2 consumption and release can be treated as cyclic process resulting in no net increase of CO2 in the atmosphere. Hence the project will not lead to GHG emissions.

  3. Technology Well being:

The boiler installed is of Fluidised Bed Combustion type, which has the following benefits: FBC plants are more flexible than conventional plants in that they can be fired on coal, biomass, among other fuels. Fluidized beds suspend solid fuels on upward-blowing jets of air during the combustion process. The result is a turbulent mixing of gas and solids. The tumbling action, much like a bubbling fluid, provides more effective chemical reactions and heat transfer. The other advantages of FBC are compactness, ability to burn low calorific values.

In view of the above, the project participant considers that the project activity profoundly contribute to the sustainable development

Technicals

Investment

$0

Energy

Installed capacity 6 MW
Effective hours 6.62k h/year
Energy generated 39.74k MWh/year
Utilization ratio 75.60 %
Activity start date

-

Time

help
  • In validation

    : Total elapsed days between “opening comments” and the registration request date.
  • In registration

    : Total elapsed days from registration request until approval.
  • To be registered

    : Total elapsed days from Validation until Registration approval (Validation + Registration).
  • To first issuance

    : Total elapsed days from registration approval until first credit issuance.
  • Total to first issuance

    : Sum of entire validation, registration and ‘to first issuance’ days; i.e. the entire process.
In validation 207 days
In registration 46 days
To be registered 253 days
To first issuance 1478 days
Total to first issuance 1729 days

Location

5 Organizations (6 roles involvement)

Carbon+%26+Environment Participant name Carbon & EnvironmentPDD Consultant ()ThailandContact name
Certification Participant name CertificationVerifier ()GermanyContact name
Certification Participant name CertificationValidator ()GermanyContact name
Certification Participant name CertificationVerifier ()GermanyContact name
Industry Participant name IndustryParticipant ()FranceContact name
Utility Participant name UtilityProject Owner ()IndiaContact name

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